A COMPARATIVE SYSTEMIC FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF FOUR SURAS (4-QUL) OF THE QURAN
This study aims to explore the structural and functional meaning of 4 (Qul) short chapters-109,112,113 and 114 respectively from the Holy Quran through the application of Systemic Functional Linguistics model developed by Halliday (1994). The study identifies and describes three metafunctional characteristics of these chapters and explores the similarities and differences. To explore the contextual meaning of the texts, the characteristics of register namely field, tenor and mode have been investigated. The research is a mixed type in nature as it presents a tabulated quantitative analysis of structural functions on one hand and qualitative logical reasoning and argumentation to explain the contextual and functional meaning constructions on the other hand. The data were collected from the English translation of the Holy Quran by Ali (1934 &1938). All the data were distributed in clauses for further analysis. The findings of the study show that the chapters are more similar and less different from one another in respect of the choice of verbal processes. The last two chapters share much with respect to lexico-grammatical structure. In terms of mode and tenor, all the chapters share the same features, but in terms of the field, they are not similar. The last two chapters, however, share the same field. The study is significant for religious scholars and students of comparative linguistics.
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